The County of Cuyahoga, Ohio, encompassing the greater Cleveland area, is launching the nation’s first county-level Pay for Success (PFS) project in partnership with FrontLine Service, a comprehensive continuum of care service provider for homeless persons in Ohio.
The Partnering for Family Success Program, the first PFS project in the combined areas of homelessness and child welfare, will deliver intensive 12-15 month treatment to 135 families over five years to reduce the length of stay in out-of-home foster care placement for children whose families are homeless.
- Homeless families with children placed in out-of-home foster care present a unique challenge for Cuyahoga County. The agencies serving these families were not previously integrated in a way that allowed for the identification of families who are experiencing homelessness and involvement in the child welfare system.
- The result was that children with homeless caregivers spent considerably more time in out-of-home foster care than children with housing secure caregivers. This extended time in the child welfare system has historically resulted in poor outcomes for the County’s most vulnerable families and led to higher costs to the County.
- FrontLine’s services are designed to reduce the time children spend in out-of-home foster care by stabilizing the family’s situation and increasing family reunification success. In partnership with the Program’s housing partners, FrontLine will link each caregiver to housing and deliver a Critical Time Intervention (CTI), an evidence-based homelessness transition therapy. CTI helps vulnerable families that are experiencing homelessness to slowly reconnect to community support networks and settle successfully in newly attained housing. In addition, CTI will be paired with age-appropriate, evidence-based trauma services that will strengthen healthy and secure caregiver-child relationships.
- More than ever, funders are seeking creative opportunities to put their money to work in ways that are proven to help people in need. Both private funders and philanthropic organizations will provide a total of $4 million in upfront funding for the Program. Cuyahoga County will repay these funders if, and only if, FrontLine’s services are proven to shorten the length of stay in out-of-home foster care.
- Read the Partner Perspectives and Lessons Learned report
- Read the press release about the Program
- Read the Fact Sheet about the Program (Revised 3/13/2017)
- Read Frequently Asked Questions about the Program (Revised 11/06/2015)
- Read about a client served through the Program
- Read Cuyahoga County’s Social Impact Financing Fund Ordinance
- Read the released PFS Contract
- Read a case study about the Program
For more information or inquiries, please contact email@example.com.
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Cuyahoga County will make success payments if the independent evaluator determines that children enrolled in the Program (the treatment group) have avoided more days in out-of-home foster care compared to children placed in a comparison group that is not served by FrontLine. The Project Manager will distribute any success payments from Cuyahoga County to the funders. At higher levels of success, some funders may receive a modest return for assuming the upfront funding risk. The County will make payments if, and only if, the evaluation proves the Program’s reduction in foster care days.
Frontline Service is a nonprofit agency that operates the most comprehensive continuum of care for homeless people in Ohio, serving more than 20,000 adults and children each year. FrontLine will link families to housing and will use Critical Time Intervention, an evidence-based model, to provide emotional and practical support during the critical transition of leaving a homeless shelter to becoming stably housed. FrontLine will also provide age-appropriate and evidence-based trauma services that will strengthen healthy and secure caregiver-child relationships. Through its services, FrontLine will stabilize families and empower the County to grant reunification decisions to families sooner and allow children to exit foster care earlier.
Project Manager / Fiscal Agent
Project Manager / Fiscal Agent
Enterprise Community Partners, Inc.
Enterprise Community Partners, Inc. is a national organization that creates and advocates for affordable homes in thriving communities linked to jobs, good schools, health care and transportation. As the project manager and fiscal agent for the Program, Enterprise will disburse upfront payments from the funders to FrontLine and for other project costs through Cuyahoga PFS, LLC, an affiliated entity. In this capacity, Enterprise will also disburse any success payments from Cuyahoga County to the funders. Enterprise will monitor whether the Program runs according to the PFS contract and will work to resolve any issues that arise throughout the life of the project.
The County’s Office of Homelessness, The Domestic Violence & Child Advocacy Center, and the County’s Division of Children and Family Services.
Government Advisor & Transaction Coordinator
Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc.
The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University.
Reinvestment Fund will provide $1,575,000 in senior loan funding.
The George Gund Foundation will provide $1,000,000 in subordinate loan funding.
Nonprofit Finance Fund will provide $325,000 in subordinate loan funding.
The Cleveland Foundation will provide $750,000 in subordinate loan funding.
Sisters of Charity Foundation of Cleveland will provide two $75,000 recoverable grants and will also provide subordinate loan funding.
The project partners are currently scaling services for full implementation through a pilot period, which launched in July 2014. The pilot is being funded by a philanthropic grant from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation. The grant will not be repaid.
- Partnering for Change: America's First County-Level Pay for Success Contract – Beek Center, Georgetown University
- Cuyahoga County is using a new way to raise money to help homeless families – Cleveland Plain Dealer
- ‘Pay for Success’ could benefit homeless families and Cuyahoga taxpayers: David Crampton – Cleveland Plain Dealer (op-ed)
- $5M Ohio ‘Pay For Success’ Targets Homelessness And Child Welfare – Forbes
- Pay for Success: Spreading What Works and Sharing What We Know Across the U.S. – White House Office of Social Innovation blog post
- Keynote Address by Director Annie Donovan at the 2015 CDFI Coalition Institute
- Cuyahoga County Launches Pay for Success Program for Homeless Families – Philanthropy News Digest
- FrontLine Service & Cuyahoga County Launching $5 Million Family Homelessness & Child Welfare Pay-For-Success Project - Open Minds
- Tackling Homelessness One Family At A Time – Ideastream
- Cleveland Foundation awards record $95M in grants this year – WKYC
- 2014 Pay for Success, FrontLine and Cuyahoga County Announcement – Cuyahoga County (video)
- Ohio county offers charities financial incentive for successful homeless program – Columbus Dispatch (via Associated Press)
- Impressive Cuyahoga collaboration led to nation’s first county-level Pay for Success program: editorial – Cleveland Plain Dealer (editorial board)